The United States has a new visitor stated Google Plus; it is a drug resistant strain of Shigella. This bacteria has already led to multiple food poisoning incidents around the country. Shigella infects people’s intestines and is a dysentery type pathogen. It causes symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea, serious stomach cramps, and fever.
This particular strain of the bacteria is particularly worrisome, because it is actually ciprofloxacin-resistant. Ciprofloxacin is the antibiotic that is typically used to treat dysentery. It is possible the doctors will now need to turn to IV antibiotics. This bacteria is also very contagious. Only 10 of them need to be present in water or food in order for the infection to spread.
It is a concern, because if it spreads among the poor and homeless populations, it could cause a serious epidemic. However, there is not yet any cause for panic, because the infection typically is resolved within an individual within about a week. There are also other medications that can be used. However, in the worst circumstances, the infection can spread throughout the body and lead to infections of the blood and possibly death.
The CDC advises people to keep themselves healthy by practicing good hygiene and taking antidiarrheal medications for anyone who is going to be traveling.