The Legal Profession in Brazil and the Latin Lawyer Ricardo Tosto

The generic term “Lawyer” is used to describe anyone who is knowledgeable about the law. Law as a profession is imprisoned in its own conservatism; this is to say that law tends to hold on to the old authority instead of changing with the exciting new developments of society.

Everyone in the society should have access to justice. This is why different countries have several law schools where students get the necessary training to becoming lawyers. A fully pledged lawyer can help people and organizations to ensure that they have fair access to the justice they are seeking.

The public’s image of the average Brazilian lawyer will vary according to the individual’s contact with the profession. Most people conjure up images of lawyers; he is that man with important esoteric information, who is always in a suit and has so much regarding material wealth.

Brazilian law

Brazil borrows its laws from Portuguese, Italian German and French Civil law. For an average citizen, the Brazilian law can be very confusing. This is because Brazil has more than 180,000 unique laws. The Constitution which was enforced in 1988 is the supreme law of the country.

The Constitution organizes the country into states, municipalities, and the Federal District. Brazil has 26 federative states which can formulate their own laws and Constitutions. Even though these states are independent, their powers are limited by the Federal Constitution. Municipalities must also adhere to the dictates of the Constitution of the state to which they belong, and those of the Federal Constitution.

The federal district is unique in that it shares the functions of municipalities and federate states. Again, its organic law must conform to the dictates of the Federal Constitution.

Brazilian lawyers

As of today, Brazil houses more than 600,000 practicing lawyers. Each Brazilian state has its fair share of lawyers with São Paulo having the largest number of practicing lawyers followed by Rio de Janeiro then Minas Gerais.

Ricardo Tosto

Ricardo Tosto is one of the prominent lawyers in the country. Mr. Tosto is an expert in the field; he has practiced the profession for the last 20 years. His main areas of expertise include corporate restructuring, credit recovery, banking, M&A, electoral law and international law.

What about his educational background? MR. Tosto attended the Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie and Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP) where he studied law and business administration respectively.

Ricardo Tosto: The Brazilian Lawyer of All Times

The legal system in Brazil is based on Portuguese, German and French civil law. The Constitution structures the country as a Federal Republic made of states, municipalities, and federal districts. The country has 26 federate states which have the power to create and amend their constitution and laws. However, this power is limited by the rules stipulated in the Brazilian Constitution.


According to the Constitution, only the Supreme Court can publish binding rules. Judges, courts, and the public administration are obliged to comply with the interpretations of the Supreme Court. The judicial power is divided among the federal judicial branch and state judicial branch. The duties and privileges of judges are similar, the differences being only in competencies, composition, and structure of the courts.


The Supreme Court is the highest court in the Brazilian judicial system. It is comprised of the Superior Court of Justice and the Supreme Federal Court.


  • The Supreme Federal Court – Deals with non-constitutional problems. It also grants a Special Appeal when a court ruling or second instance court offends a federal statute disposition for instance when more than one second instance courts make different verdicts on the same federal statute. They also deal with special areas of law such as military law, labor law, and electoral law.


  • The Supreme Federal Court – Grants Extraordinary Appeals when rulings of second instance courts go against the constitution. The STF is the last court for reviews of verdicts from the STJ and for writ of habeas corpus.


Lawyers in Brazil


Brazil is one of the countries with a large number of lawyers, approximately 621,885. But with such a large number, quality can be compromised. For this reason, the country holds a bar examination thrice a year to maintain the quality of the courses provided.


 Ricardo Tosto is a Brazilian litigator who has gone through the process to become a certified lawyer. He is a lawyer by profession and has more than 22 years of experience in law regarding the financial sector. He represents clients and provides legal advice on mergers and acquisitions, corporate restructuring, bankruptcy and electoral law.


Mr. Tosto is also a speaker on legal topics at events and conferences as well as an author. He has done reviews and articles published in numerous journals. He also co-authored the book “O Processo de Tiradentes.”


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